EXPRESSION

Whose book Is it?/ Buku siapa ini
It seems mine/sepertinya bukuku
Let me take a look/coba aku lihat dulu
Don’t be careless/jangan ceroboh
You’ll be confused when you need it!/Entar bingung lho kalau kamu sedang butuh!
Don’t take too long/jangan lama-lama
Wait a minute, i’ll be done soon/tunggu bentar, bentar aku dah mau selesai
Make it a little faster!/cepatan donk!
I’ll be late/aku bisa telat
It’s my turn/ini giliran aku
Do you feel at home?/apa kamu betah disini?
He’s getting used to it/udah mulai terbiasa
Don’t take it personal/jangan diambil hati
I don’t think so/saya rasa tidak begitu
Get yourself used to it/biasakanlah dirimu dengan situasi disini
I need your hand/aku butuh bantuanmu
What can I do for you/apa yang bisa aku bantu
I make up my mind to study/aku memutuskan belajar
She’s Sharp as attack/dia pintar sekali
With pleasure/dengan senang hati
Anything left for me?/masih ada gak buat saya?
Where’s mine?/mana punyaku
Help yourself/ambil sendiri
Have you got it/ada ngak
First come, first selves/datang dulu, ditangani dulu
Excuse me, what Did you say?/kamu tadi bilang apa?
How can it be?/kok bisa
I was just just kidding/saya hanya bercanda
You’re really something/kamu ini ada-ada aja
Anything else?/ada yang lain?
Do you wanna get Some good?/kamu mau beli makan Y?
Can you get me Some?/nitip donk
What’d you like to eat?/mau makan apa?
I don’t know, what’d I like it/apa ya saya bingung
Well, what’s about roasting a chicken?/gini aja bagaimana kalau ayam bakar
That’s sound good/kedengarannya bagus itu
What are you gonna buy?/apa yang akan kamu beli?
Who breaks the rule?/siapa yang melanggar peraturan?
Come on, pay up!/ayo, bayar²
It’s on me/aku yang bayar
Where Will you get off?/mau turun dimana?
Where Did you get on?/naik dimana tadi?
Hallo bro, pick me up at Office/hello dude, jemput saya di kantor
Thank in Advance/terima kasih atas sebelumnya
What’s going on?/ada apa?
I’m getting trouble with my motorcycle/motorku mogok
It’s easy as pie/ini gampang sekali
Don’t bother yourself/ngak usah repot-repot lah

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Pattern 20

Participles
1. Participles as adjective
Present participle
It’s used to denote The Verb
1.1 The function of The noun
eg, Writing pen, stying house, and raiting car.
1.2 The condition of The noun
eg, Smiling face
1.3 That can be……..
eg, raching chair, drinking water etc
1.4 The source of the noun
eg, stealing car etc.
2. Past participle
It’s used to denote
The condition denoled by The Verb
eg, tired old man

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Pattern 19

Direct and indirect speech/reported speech
1. Direct speech
it is the repaetation of someone’s exact sentence. So, it must be written in quotation mark
eg, My friends said,”we came to tour house yesterday”.
He said, “i am busy now”.
Jim said, “My sister hasn’t understood yet”.
2. Indirect speech
it is the repeatation of what someone has said, so it has many grammatical changes.
eg, My friends told me that they had came to my house the day before
He told that he was busy them.
jim said that his sister hadn’t understood already.
The changes from direct into indirect speech
1. Tenses
Present tense – past tense
past tense – past perfect tense (S + had + v3)
present perfect tense – pas perfect tense
present perfect continuous
2. Adverb
this, these – that, those
here – there
today – that day
next – following
tomorrow – the next day, next year
yesterday – the day before/ the previous day
ago – before
yet – already
now – at once (action)
then (condition)
3. Pronouns
They depend on conditions
eg, John said, “I met your friend yesterday”.
John said to me that he had met my friend the day before.

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Pattern 18

Auxiliaries
1. How to avoid double auxiliaries
a. Must be able to
b. Will/Shall be able to
c. Have has + been able to
d. Must be allowed to
e. Will/shall be allowed to
f. Have/has + been allowed to
g. Will/shall have to
h. Must be about to
i. Have/has + been about to
j. May be able to
Contoh:
You must be able to finish your task on time
Kamu pasti bisa menyelesaikan tugas kamu tepat waktu
We shall be able to overcome that problem by ourselves
Kita akan bisa mengatasi masalah itu bisa sendiri.
dan lain-lain….
2. Auxiliaries + have + past participle

Pattern 17

Gerund
Gerund Is a noun that comes from a Verb gerund Is also called verbal noun
Gerund will be used
1. “When a verb funtion as a subject, object, or passetion gerund is considered singular noun”.
a. Gerund as a subject
Contoh:
Finishing that tasks takes much time
Menyelesaikan tugas itu membutuhkan banyak waktu
Smoking is’nt good for our health
Merokok tidak baik bagi kesehatan
b. Gerund as an object
Contoh:
She enjoys eating in that restourant
Dia menikmati makan di restourant itu
Why do you often avoid meeting me?
Mengapa kamu sering menghindar bertemu saya?
c. Gerund as possession
Contoh:
Your writing is as good as mine
They are waiting for your coming
Mereka sedang menantikan kedatangan mu.
2. “Gerund often preposition”
in, on, at, of, by, far, from, without, after etc…
Contoh:
I always have breakfast after taking a bath
Dia selalu sarapan setelah mandi
He is Interested in reading that book
Dia tertarik membaca buku itu
3. “Gerund after The words belom”
Need, want, deserve, marrit, wan’t bear, wouldn’t bear and S + tobe + worth
Contoh:
Those children need inviting
Anak-anak itu separutnya diundang
She want helping
Dia selayaknya dibantu.

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Pattern 16

Emphatic and Reflexive pronoun (gol 5)
Gol 1: I, you, we, they, she, he, it
gol 5: myself, [yourself(singular) yourselves(plural)], ourselves, themselves, herself, himself, itself.
Application:
1. “They are used to denote that subjek does an action wuthout having any mediator. We use emphatic and reflextive pronoun that relates to the subject and is placed after subject”.
Contoh:
I myself will explain this problem to them
saya sendiri yang akan menjelaskan masalah ini kepada mereka
Marry herself has delivered her weding invitation
Marry sendiri telah menyatakan undangan pernikahannya.
The are 4 points that Should be paid attention
a. Pronounciation
b. Speed
c. Punctuation
d. Intonation
2. ” They are used to denote that subject does an action without having any help. We used emphatic and Reflexive pronoun that relates to th subject and Is pleaced after object”.
Contoh:
She cleaned that room by herself
Dia membersihkan ruangan itu sendirian
My father repaired that task by himself
Ayah menyelesaikan tugas itu sendiri
3. “They are used to denote that object receives far anaction from subject. We used emphatic and Reflexive pronoun that relates to The Object and Is placed after object”.

Contoh:
I returned that key to year uncle hinself
Saya mengembalikan kunci itu kepada paman sendiri
She has told that problem to us selves
Dia telah menceritakan masalah itu kepada kami sendiri.
4.”They are used to denote that subject does an action unconsiously. We used emphatic and Reflexive pronoun that relates to the subject and Is placed after predicate”
Contoh:
We Somethimes smile ourselves
Kami kadang-kadang tersnyum sendiri
He kissed himself a grandma in a town bus
Dia tercium sendiri seorang nenek di bus kota
5. “They are used to replace second subject that comes from a pronoun 1, but it’s predicate must obey The frist subject”.
Contoh:
My father and myself has repaired that car
Ayahku dan aku sendiri telah memperbaiki mobil itu
Marry’s mother and herself always cooks for breakfast
Ibu Merry dan dia sendiri selalu masak untuk sarapan.

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Pattern 15

Comparison (Perbandingan)
Dalam perbandingan dalam bahasa inggris dibagi menjadi 2 macam
yang pertama adalah: SUFFIX (akhiran) yang kedua adalah: PREFIX (awalan) jika kita menggunakan perbandingan Suffix maka harus menggunakan “er/est),dan jika kita menggunakan perbandingan Prefix maka kita menggunakan “More/most” keduanya pada kata sifat (adjektif). Untuk menyatakan perbandingan “Lebih… dari…atau” dan “paling…atau ter…”
Adapun cara penambahan suffix “er/est” dan prefix “more/most”
1. REGULAR
Bila adjektif terdiri dari satu sylable (suku kata), Kita tambahkan akhiran “er/est”
Contoh:
Black, Blacker, Blackest Hitam, lebih hitam, Paling hitam
Sweet, sweeter, sweetest manis, lebih manis, paling manis
Bila adjektive tersebut berakhiran sebuah Consonan yang didahului single Vowel, maka Consonan mesti di dobal
Contoh:
Big, bigger, biggest. Besar, lebih besar, paling besar
Jika dua sylable, kita mesti tambahkan akhiran “er/est” yang aturannya i jatuh pada sylable ke-2 contoh: polite, politer, politer Severe, severer, severest
Berakhiran “Y, le, er, ow, same, dan ful” contoh: careful, carefuller, carefuller
Diluar aturan di atas langsung ditambah pattern 15 awalan more dan most dipakai Contoh: Important = more/most Important, Diligent = more/ most Diligent
2. IRREGULAR
Many – more – most
much – more – most
good – better – best
well – better – best
bad – worse – worst
ill – worse – worst
old – older – oldest
old – elder – eldest
far – farther – farthest
far – further – furthest
late – later – latest
late – later – last
a little – less – least

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